I Heart SASS, But HAML, I’m Just Not That In To You

Emacs vs Vim. iPhone vs Android. Of all of the nerd arguments, none hits closer to home for Ruby developers than HAML vs ERB. Proponents of HAML look at writing HTML as a dirty practice to be avoided at all costs and look down upon "mere" ERB authors. Meanwhile there's SASS, a language syntactically close kin to HAML and, until last week, one that even rode along inside the HAML gem. HAML abstracts HTML, SASS abstracts CSS. I'm not here to stop you from using HAML if you like it. Go for it. However, I'm tired of having an aesthetic choice that some developers make bandied about as if it were "the only way" to do things.

The Difference Between HAML and SASS

HAML is an abstraction of HTML that allows for terse description of HTML elements in a meaningful-whitespace format. Rather than writing:

<div id="profile">   <div class="left column">     <div id="date"><%= print_date %></div>     <div id="address"><%= current_user.address %></div>   </div>   <div class="right column">     <div id="email"><%= current_user.email %></div>     <div id="bio"><%= current_user.bio %></div>   </div> </div> 

You can instead write:

#profile   .left.column     #date= print_date     #address= current_user.address   .right.column     #email= current_user.email     #bio= current_user.bio 

SASS, similarly, is an abstraction of CSS that allows for terse description by allowing for nesting and other conveniences. SASS also includes an SCSS format that looks nearly identical to CSS. For SASS, you go from this:

table.hl {   margin: 2em 0; } table.hl td.ln {   text-align: right; }  li {   font-family: serif;   font-weight: bold;   font-size: 1.2em; } 

To this:

table.hl   margin: 2em 0   td.ln     text-align: right  li   font:     family: serif     weight: bold     size: 1.2em 

OK, so that's HAML and SASS. They both accomplish roughly the same thing, right? Not so much. Here are some of the differences between HAML and SASS:

SASS looks a LOT like CSS. CSS is a series of rule declarations that already follows a relatively terse format. SASS simply adds on the notion of meaningful whitespace and nesting of rules to prevent repetition.

HAML is an abstraction, SASS is an improvement. While HAML and CoffeeScript could be (in my opinion) successfully compared (each provides a syntax that some find more pleasant for writing a certain type of textual content), SASS does something that neither HAML nor CoffeeScript can: it provides functionality that is impossible to achieve in the target compiled language. There's no such thing as a variable, mixin, or function in CSS. SASS provides a thin layer on top of CSS that adds immense power that wasn't there before. Personally, I like CoffeeScript, but I also don't mind writing plain Javascript. I doubt I'll ever again work on a web project where I don't use SASS, because it is simply too useful to ever be without.

Learnability. If I sat down with a designer who was familiar with CSS, I could teach them SASS in less than an hour. Despite trying a couple times at various points, I still have to constantly defer to the reference when I'm writing HAML. I'm not saying that HAML doesn't help some people write HTML templates more efficiently, I'm saying that writing your project in HAML simply guarantees a relatively long and obnoxious learning process for every person who needs to work in the views. Maybe you have a small, fixed team that makes that a possibility, but in many (if not most) real-world scenarios wasting time to teach a templating language that is simply a convenient abstraction is not going to be worth it.

Breadth and Scope. HAML works essentially as a subset of the things you can do in ERB. There are some things that HAML simply won't do (some of these encourage good programming practices, but the statement is true nonetheless). SASS is a superset of CSS; you can do everything you can do in CSS and significantly more. This difference means that SASS will never tie your hands for styling a site but HAML may tie your hands to a specific means of execution in some scenarios. Again, not to say this is always a bad thing, but it's a true thing.

Freedom of Choice

I don't really care if you want to use HAML. I actually can understand how, for developers who don't like writing HTML and CSS (I work on both sides of the development/design fence) it may feel more productive to be able to write things that way. So go for it, use HAML. Just don't tell me that my choice is inferior. We're talking aesthetics here, there is no right and wrong.

There are other ways to accomplish the same terseness that HAML provides while generating pure HTML templates, things like Zen Coding or even just judicious use of some more advanced features of your editor of choice.

TL;DR. SASS and HAML solve two completely different problems. Liking SASS doesn't imply wrongness in disliking HAML. Using HAML is fine if that's your bag, but don't act like it's the only way. It's just an aesthetic choice.